As of early November 2015, flu vaccination coverage before and during pregnancy among pregnant women was 40.2%, similar to 2013-14 early season vaccination coverage (43.5%)
Non-Hispanic black pregnant women had the lowest flu vaccination coverage (32.9%) compared to the other three racial/ethnic groups (non-Hispanic white: 39.9%, Hispanic: 44.6%, and non-Hispanic other: 46.4%).
Most women (97.8%) reported visiting a doctor or other medical professional at least once since July 1, 2015. Among these women, 61.6% reported receiving a recommendation for and offer of vaccination from a doctor or other medical professional, 15.0% received only a recommendation for and no offer of vaccination, and 23.4% did not receive a recommendation for flu vaccination which were similar to the proportions in November 2014 (59.5%, 15.3% and 25.1%, respectively).
Women who received a recommendation for and an offer of vaccination from a doctor or other medical professional were more likely to be vaccinated.
They were almost three times more likely to be vaccinated as women who received only a recommendation for vaccination but no offer of vaccination (58.8% vs. 20.1%) and eight times more likely to be vaccinated as women who did not receive a recommendation for vaccination (58.8% vs.7.1%)
Vaccination coverage among those who received provider recommendation and offer for vaccination (58.8%) or among those who received recommendation only (20.1%) were lower compared to November 2014 (65.2% and 25.5%, respectively).
Pregnant Women Need a Flu Shot! A CDC web page answers common questions about pregnant women and the flu. Additionally, hard copies of the DVD are available for ob-gyns who wish to ‘loop’ it in their offices on continuous play for patients.
What Pregnant Women Should Know About Flu See answers to common questions and concerns about pregnant women being immunized for the flu.
Send a CDC E-Card to your patients reminding them of the importance of being vaccinated against seasonal influenza.
New! Duration of Infant Protection Against Influenza Illness Conferred by Maternal Immunization: Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial
Nunes MC, Cutland CL, Jones S, et al. Duration of Infant Protection Against Influenza Illness Conferred by Maternal Immunization: Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Pediatr.Published online July 05, 2016. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.0921.
Maternal immunisation with trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine for prevention of influenza in infants in Mali: a prospective, active-controlled, observer-blind, randomised phase 4 trial.
Milagritos D Tapia, Samba O Sow, Boubou Tamboura, Ibrahima Tégueté, Marcela F Pasetti, Mamoudou Kodio, Uma Onwuchekwa, Sharon M Tennant, William C Blackwelder, Flanon Coulibaly, Awa Traoré, Adama Mamby Keita, Fadima Cheick Haidara, Fatoumata Diallo, Moussa Doumbia, Doh Sanogo, Ellen DeMatt, Nicholas H Schluterman, Andrea Buchwald, Karen L Kotloff, Wilbur H Chen, Evan W Orenstein, Lauren A V Orenstein, Julie Villanueva, Joseph Bresee, John Treanor, Myron M Levine, Maternal immunisation with trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine for prevention of influenza in infants in Mali: a prospective, active-controlled, observer-blind, randomised phase 4 trial, The Lancet Infectious Diseases, Available online 31 May 2016, ISSN 1473-3099, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(16)30054-8.
Kostinov MP, Cherdantsev AP, Pakhomov DC. Anti-Influenza Antibody Level in Mother-Infant Pairs Depending on Trimester of Vaccination of Pregnant Women Using Immunoadjuvant Vaccine. Vaccines & Vaccination. October 2, 2015. 6 (5): 297.
Polyzos K, Konstantelias A, Pitsa C, Falagas M. Maternal Influenza Vaccination and Risk for Congenital Malformations: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Obstet Gynecol. November 2015. 126(5);1075-1084.
Rasmussen SA, Watson AK, Kennedy ED, Broder KR, Jamieson DJ. Vaccines and pregnancy: past, present, and future. Semin Fetal Neonatal Med. 2014 Jun;19(3):161-9. Epub 2013 Dec 17
During the 2013-2014 influenza season, 52% of pregnant women were vaccinated. Provider recommendation and offer of vaccine is shown to have been a key factor in increasing vaccination rates. Read the article, Influenza Vaccination Coverage Among Pregnant Women, United States 2013-14 Influenza Season. MMWR. (2014) 63(37);816-821.